Use the following procedure for each poem on the list. Links to the poems you will use for this assignment are at the bottom of this post. Type your answers in Classroom and turn it in.
This assignment is due Saturday, April 18.
- Make sure you’re seated in a quiet spot. Turn off all distractions.
- Read the poem through once. Do not skim it.
- When you’re done, sit back and think about what you have read.
- Read it a second time.
- Look for examples of the following terminology and literary devices that poets use in their works. Find at least three examples of these devices, including the poem type. Include the following: poem name, poet, and 3 lines showing the example. (You do not need to copy the whole poem unless it is a haiku.) Do not include any examples shown below.
- Although you will turn this in, you’ll also want a copy to use on the assessment. (Keep your notes!)
Terms and Literary Devices
- Alliteration – repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
- Allusion – an indirect, subtle reference using only a word or two
- Assonance – the repetition of two or more of the same vowel sounds in a word OR two or more of the same CONSONANT sounds in a word
- Atmosphere – mood or overall feeling that a story or poem conveys
- Blank Verse – unrhymed poetry consisting of five iambic feet per line (one unaccented syllable, one accented). For example, the St. Crispin Day speech from Shakespeare’s Henry V:
Then will | he strip | his sleeve | and show | his scars
- Elegy – a poem about death or dying
- Free Verse– lines with no prescribed pattern, structure, or rhyme
- Haiku – an unrhymed poem of three lines of five, seven, and five syllables; usually includes an image from nature
- Hyperbole – exaggeration of something
- Imagery – descriptive or figurative language that creates word pictures (appeals to the five senses)
- Internal Rhyme – when 2 or more words create a rhyme in the same line of a poem or verse
- Metaphor – compares unlike things by writing or speaking about one thing as if it were another without using like or as.
- Narrative poem – tells a story with one or more characters, a setting, a conflict, and a series of events that come to a conclusion
- Onomatopoeia – a word that sounds like the noise it describes
- Personification – describes an object, animal, or idea as if it had human characteristics
- Repetition – repeated words
- Rhyme – words that have the same sound
- Rhyme scheme – the arrangement of rhymes in a poem or stanza
- Rhythm – a repeated pattern in speech or music
- Simile – compares unlike things using the word like or as
- Sonnet – a fixed form of poetry. It consists of fourteen lines written in iambic pentameter; the last two are a rhyming couplet.
- Speaker – voice behind the poem, point of view; character sometimes.
- Stanza – a group of lines in a poem; acts like a paragraph in a poem
- Symbol – object or action that stands for something beyond itself (Statue of Liberty = freedom, United States, etc.)
“October’s Gold,” by Paul Holmes
Like crunchy cornflakes
Gold leaves rustle underfoot
Beauty in decay.
Type: Haiku (5-7-5 syllable rhyme scheme). Poetic devices: Alliteration (crunchy cornflakes), imagery (gold leaves), simile (Like crunchy cornflakes/Gold leaves …)
- “Did I Miss Anything?” by Tom Wayman
- “Nothing Gold Can Stay” by Robert Frost
- “The Cremation of Sam McGee” by Robert W. Service
- “Do Not Go Gentle into that Good Night” by Dylan Thomas
- “I Hear American Singing.”
- “I, Too” by Langston Hughes
- “Oh Captain! My Captain!” by Walt Whitman
- “We Real Cool” by Gwendolyn Brooks