Literary Terms & Vocabulary Words: What to Know
Use the Literary Vocabulary and Terms, TE (located in my Google Classroom) to find definitions and examples. Everything on the document is fair game for the test, but you should be especially familiar with the following vocabulary and events in the novel. Please pay very close attention to the review on Tuesday and Wednesday, as the test is Thursday.
- Key Vocabulary – Know these three terms and be able to provide an example of each. You may also be asked to explain the differences between two terms (for example, the difference between biography and autobiography). Know the examples, too (fiction, non-fiction, myth, etc.)
- Language In the Standards – Know the following, but keep in mind that my questions will go beyond simple definitions. You must be able to apply what you know. For example, if I ask you to explain how the text hints that Jonas is different from the others, you would use both text evidence and supporting details to answer the question.
- Text evidence
- Central idea/main idea (spoiler: they’re the same)
- Supporting details
- Denotative and connotative meanings
- The difference between quote and paraphrase
- Literary Vocabulary – Know the following:
- The difference between direct and indirect characterization
- The ways in which a character is revealed
- How you can tell which method is being used.
- If the author gives a physical or psychological description of the character, then that’s an example of direct characterization. The author is telling you directly.
- If the author uses the character’s reaction to others or how the character reacts to himself, then the author is using indirect characterization. The reader is not being told about the character explicitly.
- Know what setting, time, and place mean and how each applies to The Giver. For example, if I ask you to describe the setting of The Giver, you should be able to tell me a general era (not the 1800’s. Jets were not invented until after World War II, which was over in 1946.). I don’t need a specific year, by the way. You should also be able to tell me a place. Does the novel name a country? A city?
The Giver – Chapters 1-3
Your study guides are excellent study guides for the test, and I might take multiple choice, short answer, or discussion questions from them. In addition, here are a few other things to know about.
- Be familiar with the major characters (Jonas, Lily, Asher, mother, father, etc.) If they have a large speaking part, they’re major.
- Know what things children get when they turn a certain age (comfort objects, bicycles, coats, their lifetime job assignments).
- Know that a comfort object is to help calm the fears of the individual. Be ready to explain why a community would want to eliminate fear in its citizens.
- Know that comfort objects are, in the words of the text, “soft, stuffed, imaginary creatures.” We know, of course, that bears and hippos are not imaginary, but the characters in the book don’t know that.
- Be able to explain ways that Jonas’s community differs from our own. (Go beyond the two children thing.)
- Why is it considered rude to call attention to things that are different about someone? What effect would that have on someone in a society in which there is sameness?
- Be able to explain the significance of events. For example, the fact that Jonas’s father is worried about Gabriel reveals that he’s a compassionate and caring man (inference). He’s even willing to break rules (he finds out Gabriel’s name before the child is awarded and whispers the name to the child when no one can hear).
- In what ways does the community emphasize the group’s importance over the individual? Explain. (Example – the community controls the number of newchildren presented each year: 50.
- Do any of the ceremonies help to reinforce the idea of community over individual? Consider the ones for Eights, Nines, and Twelves.
- The Receiver is the most important Elder.
- Know what Jonas’s mother thinks about Birthmothers. She says, “There’s very little honor in that Assignment.” Why is honor important to Lily’s mother?
- Be able to explain the significance of the apple incident. (Chapter 3 – see page 13, first full paragraph that begins “There had been nothing special about it; …” and continuing with the next paragraph.
- What is different about the way Gabriel looks?
- Why does the community want to eliminate strong emotions? You might want to have a couple of examples to support your argument (text evidence).