The next test on The Giver will be over chapters 4 – 10, and you’ll take it Friday. Everything on this study guide will be on the test in some form.

Vocabulary and Literary Terms

Plot Elements

  1. Exposition – establish characters, setting, development of challenge(s) for protagonist
  2. Rising Action – includes the inciting incident (incident that creates the story’s problem/conflict). 
  3. Climax – the point of no return; the critical point; win or lose for the protagonist. HOWEVER, the climax doesn’t mark the end of the conflict – only determines how the conflict will be decided.
  4. Falling Action – Loose ends are tied up. Conflict and climax are resolved.
  5. Resolution – conflict is resolved; story comes to an end.

Conflict in Literature

Conflict Definition

All literature is based on conflict. The two types are internal, which is conflict within the protagonist, and external, which is conflict with an antagonist who is different from the protagonist.

Conflict Types

Man v. Self – internal conflict. Protagonist has a battle with himself.

Man v. Man – protagonist v. antagonist

Man v. Nature– Protagonist v. natural elements

Man v. Society – Protagonist opposed by forces within society such as unjust laws, war, etc.

The Giver – Concepts and Vocabulary

Chapter 4

  • Know how people are treated as individuals when it comes to the Ceremony of Twelve and the Ceremony of Release.
  • Know what “Assignment” means in The Giver.
  • 51IT08MkJ0L._SX331_BO1,204,203,200_Know things that the community provides for the citizens.
  • Why did Jonas pick a variety of volunteer positions? How does this make him unique?
  • Consider the following sentence from Chapter 4: “He liked the feeling of safety here in this warm and quiet room; he liked the expression of trust on the woman’s face as she lay in the water unprotected, exposed, and free.” Be able to explain how Jonas regards the atmosphere in the bathing room, where the Old are, and how it differs from his perception of life in the community.

Chapter 5

  • Describe the relationship between Jonas and his parents.
  • Why do people in this community share their dreams?
  • When they become of age, citizens take a pill each day to eliminate Stirrings. Be able to explain why you think this is a requirement.
  • Why does Jonas see taking the pill as a status symbol?

Chapter 6

  • Who pleaded Gabriel’s case to the Committee? What was the result of that discussion?
  • Who is Caleb? What happened to him?
  • What is the significance of the Ceremonies?
  • What is the Ceremony of Mourning?
  • Why does the Ceremony of Replacement make Jonas uncomfortable?
  • Why do you think it would be important for all of the boys and girls to have the same haircuts?

Chapters 7 

  • Why are Newchildren issued numbers before getting real names?
  • Why do you think Newchildren are not given names by their parents?
  • What is Asher’s Assignment?
  • Contrast how the Chief Elder treats Asher at the ceremony with the way she treats Jonas. (Hint: both are singled out for attention, but the reasons for it are very different.)

Chapter 8

  • Why did the Chief Elder skip Jonas?
  • What characteristic does Jonas share with both the Receiver and Gabriel?
  • What is connected with experiencing wisdom?

Chapter 9

  • What are the characteristics a Receiver must have?
  • How do the other Twelves act towards Jonas? How does he feel about that?
  • Why is the name of the previous Receiver-in-training not to be spoken?
  • What are some of the rules Jonas must follow as the new Receiver-in-training?

Chapter 10

  • Be able to describe the Receiver’s room and how it is different from all others.
  • The Receiver has more books than anyone else. Why? 
  • What does the Receiver say he is going to do with the remaining energy he has left?

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